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Original Research Article

Year: 2019 | Month: February | Volume: 6 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 58-68

Investigating Groundwater Challenge in Crystalline Basement Complex Terrain of South-Western Nigeria: Case Study of Aagba and Environs

Ojo A. Olabanji1, Akinlabi, J. Oluwafemi2, Alabi O. Olusegun3, Adegoke Adediran4

1Department of Geological Sciences, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria,
2Nigeria Hydrological Service Agency, Plot 222, Foundation Plaza, Shettma Ali Monguno Crescent, Utako, Abuja, Nigeria.
3Solid Earth Physics Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria.
4Wesley University of Science and Technology, Ondo, Nigeria.

Corresponding Author: Ojo A. Olabanji


In an attempt to investigate the groundwater challenge in communities around Aagba and its environs despite their close proximity, hydrogeophysical and geological studies were carried out using an integrated approach that integrate the use of electrical resistivity method with flow direction determination. Nine (9) vertical electric soundings were carried out across the communities all of which are separated by short distances. Forty eight (48) hand dug wells were selected for the flow direction determination. Iteration and interpretation was done using the IPI2Win software while Surfer 12 used to generate a 2D isopach map, pseudo-section, 3D aquifer transverse resistance map, overburden anisotropic coefficient map. Well data were used to generate a 3D flow direction map of the study area. The result showed that the area is underlain by granite gneiss that exhibit shallow fracture around Iragbiji and Ororuwo located at the North western part of the study area while there are no shallow fracture in the eastern part of the area where communities such as Ada and Aagba are located. This accounts for the low groundwater potential in these two communities. Investigation of the flow direction reveals that the groundwater flow from east to west, an indication of a gaining stream at Iragbiji where River Ogun drains all the available water.

Key words: Aagba, basement, challenge, groundwater, overburden, south-western

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